The Regency Period (1811-1820) corresponded to the temporary Reign of the Prince Regent George as King of Great Britain. Indeed, his father George III was ill. The Regency period was characterized by romance, luxury and raise of literature and arts.
Regency (1811-1820) era was a sub-period of the Georgian era in the British history. The Georgian era (1714-1830) corresponded to the reigns of the first four Hanoverian kings of Britain. All of them were named George.
Lady’s magazine (1770-1832), The Lady’s Monthly Museum (1798-1832) and La belle Assemblée (1806-1837) were typical Late Georgian and Regency magazines. Besides these magazines, the British publisher Rudolph Ackermann edited fashion illustrations for the Repository of Arts, Literature, Fashions between 1809 and 1829.
The Lady’s Magazine; or Entertaining Companion for the Fair Sex, Appropriated Solely to Their Use and Amusement, was a British women’s magazine published monthly from 1770 until 1832. It costed six penny. It was founded by the London bookseller John Coote and the publisher John Wheble. Besides fashion illustrations and articles, it also contained embroidery patterns, fictions, poems, music articles and gossips of the mundane life. Since it’s foundation until 1830, the Lady’s Magazine had been the leader of the women magazine market with a claimed readership of 16,000.
The Lady’s Monthly Museum Polite Repository of Amusement and Instruction: being an Assemblage of what can Tend to please the Fancy, Instruct the mind or Exalt the Character of the British Fair, was founded in 1798 and lasted until 1832. The magazine provided fashion articles and colored engravings. It had a practical size (pocket size). In 1832, the title disappeared with the merge with the Lady’s Magazine in 1832 and became The Lady’s Magazine and Museum of the Belles Lettres (published until 1847).
John Bell founded La Belle Assemblée in 1806. It was published by John Bell from 1806 until his retirement in 1821, and by G. & W. Whittaker & Co. from 1823 to 1829. The publication of La Belle Assemblée lasted until 1837. This monthly magazine was renowned for its fashion plates of Regency styles. Until the 1820s, it contained poems, fictions, political and science, literary articles, theatre reviews, and serialized novels. In 1832 and until 1837, the name changed and became The Court Magazine and Belle Assemblée from 1832 to 1837.
Between 1809 and 1829, Rudolph Ackermann (1764-1834) published fashion illustrations for the Repository of Arts, Literature, Fashions. 40 volumes had been published. The Repository was a fashion periodical and related fashion trends during the Georgian era and in particular during the Regency period (1811-1820). In addition to the periodical, there were two fashion plates every month.
The typical Regency dress was high-waisted (below the breast), light, fluent and long (fallen to the floor). The necklace was usually square and deep. The short sleeves were puffed and recovered the shoulders. The silhouette was streamlined and feminine. The colors were light, pastel and delicate. The dress was made with light fabrics such as muslin, percale and cotton gauze. The Regency dress was very closed to the First Empire dress in France.
Jane Austen lived during the Regency era and more generally during the Georgian era. The English writer Jane Austen (1775-1817) wrote six major novels : Sense and sensibility (1811), Pride and prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), Emma (1815), Persuasion (1817) and Northanger Abbey (published in 1817). She was a main figure of the Regency Period : her books talked about love, class differences, romance, richness, high society.