The Russian jewelry House Fabergé was founded by Gustav Fabergé (1814-1893). His son, Peter Carl Fabergé (1846-1920) is the famous Russian jeweler who created the famous Fabergé Eggs (Easter eggs were made as gifts for the Tsars Alexander III and Nicholas II’s wives and mothers). He is considered as the jeweler of the Russian Tsars (Alexander III and Nicholas II. The Fabergé house closed in 1917, during the Russian revolution.
In 2007, the Fabergé House revived, 90 years after its disappearance in 1917. The name of Fabergé is redeemed under the blessing of Tatiana Fabergé (Great grand-daughter of Peter Carl Fabergé). The French jeweler Frédéric Zaavy is in charge of the creation. The brand innovates (watches, new designs…) but also perpetuates the art of Peter Carl Fabergé (Imperial collection, Easter eggs under different forms).
The Imperial Romanov family ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917. On the February 21th of 1613, Michael Romanov became Tsar of Russia (Tsar Michael I of Russia) and reigned until 1645. Nicholas II of Russia had been the last Tsar of Russia (1868-1917).
Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra had six children : Olga (1895-1918), Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia Nikolaevna and Alexei Nikolaevich.
The Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (1895-1918) was the first of the Tsar Nicholas Nikolaevna and Tsarina Alexandra of Russia’s five children. She was born at the Anichkov Palace in Saint Petersburg. She looked like more alike her father than her mother with her blond hair, her blue eyes, a long face and a snub nose typical of the Romanov.
Her Russian title “Velikaya Knyazhna” could be translated as the Grand Princess (or Grand Duchess); her rank was higher than the European Princesses.
She participated to the war efforts during the war between Russia and Japan (February 1804- September 1805). The Grand Duchess Olga and her other sisters made scarves for the soldiers. She was described as the most intelligent and hard worker of her siblings.
When Olga was 18 years old, she was coveted by several royal young as potential husbands such as her cousin Duke Dimitri, Prince Arthur of Connaught, the Duke of Leuchtenberg and the Prince Edward of Wales. She almost get engaged with the Prince Carol (Crown prince and princess of Romania’s eldest son).
In 1914, Olga and Tatiana Nikolaevna participated to the World War I efforts as nurses. They took care of the injured soldiers in the hospital settled in the Winter palace of Saint Petersburg.
During the Russian revolution, from 1905 to 1917, Tsar Nicholas II and his family lived in the Alexander Palace of Tsarkoïe-Selo from March 1917 to August 1917. In 1917, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated. Then, they were send to Tobolsk, in Siberia. In April 1918, the tsar Nicholas II and his family were transferred in Ekaterinburg. The Emperor Nicholas II and his family (wife and children) were murdered in the night of 16 July 1918 and 17 July 1918 by the Bolsheviks under the orders of Lenine. The murder took place in the Villa Ipatiev in Ekaterinburg.