Jules Frederic Ballavoine’s painting, pomegranate jewel, William Morris design and my photo of sea in Sicily.
Pre-Raphaelism was a British artistic movement, born in the late 1840s, in London, during the Victorian era. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was a group of three young students of the Royal Academy : William Holman Hunt (1827-1910), John Everett Millais (1829-1896) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882).
They rejected any form of academism; they wanted to come back to a form of art existing before Raphael. According to them, medieval art was the symbol of purity and freedom. Their painting had shimmering colors and a very realistic reproduction of the nature. Pre-Raphaelite painters found their subjects in the literature (Shakespeare, Keats, Tennyson…) and mythology. The characters were depicted with a great freedom.
Besides, many Pre-Raphaelite painters had a fascination for red hair. Elizabeth Siddal, Jane Morris and Fanny Cornforth were Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s muses.
Annie Miller posed as a model for William Holman but also for Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Everett Millais. Effie Gray was the John Everett Millais’ wife and posed as a model for him.
William Morris (1834-1896) was an artist in the Victorian Britain. He was a painter, textile designer, pattern designer, writer… He belonged to the Pre-Raphaelite movement (second generation). In 1887, he founded the Arts & Crafts exhibition society. Arts & Crafts could be considered both as the British equivalent and the precursor of the French and Belgium Art nouveau movement. The poet and writer John Ruskin was the philosophical chief ; he was fascinated by gothic medieval art. William Morris was the leader of the movement.
In reaction to the detrimental effects of the industrialisation in Great Britain, William Morris and John Ruskin wanted to rehabilitate craftsmanship but also save and learn again traditional techniques. In their opinion, the artisan had to be involved in each step of the execution and the manufacture of the object. Moreover, an artisan had to live in a sain environment in order to thrive. The utopia of the movement influenced many countries of the world. Among artists who belonged to the Arts and crafts movement, there were Charles Robert Ashbee, Edward Burne-Jones and Walter Crane.